Wellington Mara of the New York Giants was one of the NFL's most influential owners for more than a half century and was the last of the league's founding generation.
"Wellington Mara is the face of not only the New York Giants but the NFL," said Giants tight end Jeremy Shockey. "He's a pioneer and the guy that everybody looks up to."
Mara's influence went far beyond the Giants. He clearly was one of the most important figures in NFL history.
Perhaps his greatest contribution came in the early 1960's. He and brother Jack, owners of the biggest team in the biggest market, agreed to share tele-vision revenue on a league wide basis, dividing the huge amounts of money available in cities like New York with smaller markets from Pittsburgh to Green Bay.
Part of that agreement meant that the Giants ceded the right to sell their own games to television for a league wide contract, in those days with CBS. That concept of revenue sharing allowed the NFL to thrive and remains in place today.
He also served during the 1970's as chairman of the NFL's Management Council, which negotiated labor contracts, and as a member of the competition committee.
"When Well Mara stood to speak at a league meeting, the room would become silent with anticipation because all of us knew we were going to hear profound insights born of eight decades of league experience," NFL commissioner Paul Tagliabue said.
Mara became a Giants' ballboy at age 9 in October 1925 after his father, Timothy). Mara, bought the team. He stayed fully involved in its operation for almost 80 years, except for three years while in the Navy during World war II. Until he became ill last spring, he attended most practices and every game.
In 1930, at 14, his father made him co-owner with older brother Jack, and he ran the club until several years ago, when son John took over day-to-day operations.
But from 1979 on, while the team was run by general managers George Young and Ernie Accorsi, Mara had final say on football decisions. He decided to fire coach Jim Fassel after the 2003 season and replace him with Tom Coughlin.
When former players became ill, Mara would find them doctors, pay their medical expenses and arranged help for their families. Many old-timers were on the payroll as scouts or advisors.
Mara always considered himself a football man first, running the on-field operations through the 1950's until 1979 while Jack and then Jack's son Tim ran the business end. The team was successful during the '50's and early '60's with such stars as Frank Gifford, Y.A. Tittle, Sam Huff and Roosevelt Brown and a coaching staff that included Tom Landry and Vince Lombardi as assistants.
But after losing to Chicago in the 1963 NFL championship game, the Giants began a long slide, failing to make the playoffs again until 1981 as Wellington and Tim, by then the co-owner, feuded.
In 1979, on the commissioner's recommendation, the Maras agreed to hire Young as general manager and the team again became a power. It won Super Bowls in 1985 and 1990 with Bill Parcells coaching. Parcells left after that season and the Giants slipped into the middle of the pack. They made the Super Bowl again after the 2000 season, losing to the Baltimore Ravens.
In 1991, Tim Mara and his family sold their share of the team to Robert Tisch. Tisch and Mara were officially co-owners and Tisch ran much of the business affairs. But it was always clear is was Wellington's team. Mara is survived by wife Ann, 11 children and 40 grandchildren.
* George Young Award is given to that individual, Jewish or non-Jewish, who has best exemplified the high ideals that George Young displayed.